Australien victoria

australien victoria

Logo Melbourne Victoria Australia by Visit Victoria, Die ausführliche Darstellung des Bundestaates Victoria in our-e.eu wird Ihnen präsentiert mit. Victoria ist ein Bundesstaat im Südosten Australiens. Die Hauptstadt ist Melbourne. Victoria ist flächenbezogen der kleinste Bundesstaat auf dem Festland und. Victoria kompakt: Fakten, Zahlen und ein bisschen Geschichte des zweitkleinsten Bundesstaats Australiens.

Byawatha VIC , Australia - panoramio. Caldermeade VIC , Australia - panoramio 1. Caldermeade VIC , Australia - panoramio 2.

Caldermeade VIC , Australia - panoramio 3. Caldermeade VIC , Australia - panoramio. Canyon walk in early may. Carl cleaning up on Nautic Refuge Cove - panoramio.

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Clonbinane VIC , Australia - panoramio. Close to You Yang, Vic - panoramio. Coastline near Mount Oberon Unsplash. Columns - panoramio 4.

Communn na Feinne Members, undated. Confusing reflections - panoramio. Coops Shot Tower, Melbourne Central Courtyard - panoramio Detail of Melville Birks Illuminated address - second half.

Detail of Melville Birks Illuminated address - signature. Detail of Melville Birks Illuminated address. DI Junkyard Vertical - compress. Draganov papagaj-Miki - panoramio.

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Exposed - panoramio 2. Fairleys Creek gold mine. Fanning out - panoramio. Ferns at Dandenong Ranges. First just , second and third - panoramio. Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village Footprints on the sand beach Unsplash.

Footscray VIC , Australia - panoramio 1. Footscray VIC , Australia - panoramio 2. Founding members - Heathmont Club. Fryers Ranges Cumulonimbus 8 Garden scene on a rural property, Victoria.

Gates - panoramio 4. Geat Ocean Road, Victoria, Australia - panoramio. Gibson Steps Victoria Australia east. Girl in cold field at Sunrise Unsplash.

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Grantville VIC , Australia - panoramio. In the immediate years after World War II , Melbourne expanded rapidly, its growth boosted by post-war immigration to Australia , primarily from Southern Europe and the Mediterranean.

Suburban expansion then intensified, served by new indoor malls beginning with Chadstone Shopping Centre.

Many of the larger suburban mansions from the boom era were also either demolished or subdivided. To counter the trend towards low-density suburban residential growth, the government began a series of controversial public housing projects in the inner city by the Housing Commission of Victoria , which resulted in demolition of many neighbourhoods and a proliferation of high-rise towers.

The Bolte government sought to rapidly accelerate the modernisation of Melbourne. Major road projects including the remodelling of St Kilda Junction , the widening of Hoddle Street and then the extensive Melbourne Transportation Plan changed the face of the city into a car-dominated environment.

Melbourne experienced an economic downturn between and , following the collapse of several local financial institutions. In , the newly elected Kennett government began a campaign to revive the economy with an aggressive development campaign of public works coupled with the promotion of the city as a tourist destination with a focus on major events and sports tourism.

Since the mids, Melbourne has maintained significant population and employment growth. Major inner-city urban renewal has occurred in areas such as Southbank , Port Melbourne , Melbourne Docklands and more recently, South Wharf.

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics , Melbourne sustained the highest population increase and economic growth rate of any Australian capital city in the three years ended June Melbourne is in the southeastern part of mainland Australia, within the state of Victoria.

Geologically, it is built on the confluence of Quaternary lava flows to the west, Silurian mudstones to the east, and Holocene sand accumulation to the southeast along Port Phillip.

The southeastern suburbs are situated on the Selwyn fault which transects Mount Martha and Cranbourne.

The city reaches southeast through Dandenong to the growth corridor of Pakenham towards West Gippsland , and southward through the Dandenong Creek valley, the Mornington Peninsula and the city of Frankston taking in the peaks of Olivers Hill , Mount Martha and Arthurs Seat , extending along the shores of Port Phillip as a single conurbation to reach the exclusive suburb of Portsea and Point Nepean.

In the west, it extends along the Maribyrnong River and its tributaries north towards Sunbury and the foothills of the Macedon Ranges , and along the flat volcanic plain country towards Melton in the west, Werribee at the foothills of the You Yangs granite ridge south west of the CBD.

The Little River, and the township of the same name, marks the border between Melbourne and neighbouring Geelong city.

This temperature differential is most pronounced in the spring and summer months and can cause strong cold fronts to form.

These cold fronts can be responsible for varied forms of severe weather from gales to thunderstorms and hail , large temperature drops and heavy rain.

Winters, however, are usually very stable, but rather damp and often cloudy. Relatively narrow streams of heavy showers can often affect the same places usually the eastern suburbs for an extended period, while the rest of Melbourne and surrounds stays dry.

Overall, Melbourne is, owing to the rain shadow of the Otway Ranges , nonetheless drier than average for southern Victoria.

Dewpoint temperatures in the summer range from 9. Melbourne is also prone to isolated convective showers forming when a cold pool crosses the state, especially if there is considerable daytime heating.

These showers are often heavy and can include hail, squalls, and significant drops in temperature, but they often pass through very quickly with a rapid clearing trend to sunny and relatively calm weather and the temperature rising back to what it was before the shower.

This can occur in the space of minutes and can be repeated many times a day, giving Melbourne a reputation for having "four seasons in one day", [75] a phrase that is part of local popular culture.

The average temperature of the sea ranges from One such issue is the impact of drought on water supply.

In response to attribution of recent climate change , in the City of Melbourne set a target to reduce carbon emissions to net zero by [88] and Moreland City Council established the Zero Moreland program.

Not all metropolitan municipalities have followed suit, with the City of Glen Eira notably deciding in not to become carbon-neutral. The Department of Sustainability and Environment partially addresses this problem by regularly burning off.

Air quality , by world standards, is classified as good. It was subject to controversy and strict regulations among fears that beaches and marine wildlife could be affected by the disturbance of heavy metals and other industrial sediments.

Up to , cigarette butts enter the storm water runoff every day. More recent office, commercial and public developments in the adjoining districts of Southbank and Docklands have made these areas into extensions of the CBD in all but name.

This, coupled with the popularity of the private automobile after , led to the auto-centric urban structure now present today in the middle and outer suburbs.

Much of metropolitan Melbourne is accordingly characterised by low density sprawl, whilst its inner city areas feature predominantly medium-density, transit-oriented urban forms.

The city centre, Docklands, St. Kilda Road and Southbank areas feature high-density forms. There are also a number of significant state parks just outside Melbourne.

Melbourne has minimal public housing and high demand for rental housing, which is becoming unaffordable for some. Melbourne is experiencing high population growth, generating high demand for housing.

This housing boom has increased house prices and rents, as well as the availability of all types of housing. Subdivision regularly occurs in the outer areas of Melbourne, with numerous developers offering house and land packages.

However, after 10 years [ when? The city is recognised for its mix of modern architecture which intersects with an extensive range of nineteenth and early twentieth century buildings.

The city also features the Shrine of Remembrance , which was built as a memorial to the men and women of Victoria who served in World War I and is now a memorial to all Australians who have served in war.

In , the city contained a total of high-rise buildings, skyscrapers and a further 28 under construction and 60 planned.

Residential architecture is not defined by a single architectural style, but rather an eclectic mix of houses, townhouses, condominiums, and apartment buildings in the metropolitan area particularly in areas of urban sprawl.

Freestanding dwellings with relatively large gardens are perhaps the most common type of housing outside inner city Melbourne.

Victorian terrace housing, townhouses and historic Italianate , Tudor revival and Neo-Georgian mansions are all common in neighbourhoods such as Toorak.

The culture of the city is an important drawcard for tourists, of which 2. Notable writers and poets from Melbourne include Thomas Browne , C. Dennis , Germaine Greer and Peter Carey.

The city is also home to the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art. Melbourne is also the second home of the national Opera Australia after it merged with the defunct Victoria State Opera in Melbourne has been referred to as "the live music capital of the world", having more music venues per capita than any other city.

The city has hosted a number of significant international sporting events, most notably the Summer Olympic Games , the first Olympic Games held outside Europe and the United States.

Cricket is one of the longest established sports in Melbourne with the Melbourne Cricket Club forming within three years of settlement. The largest cricket stadium in the world, the MCG is notable for hosting the first Test match and the first One Day International , played between Australia and England in and respectively.

It is also the home of the National Sports Museum. Melbourne hosts up to five AFL matches per round during the home and away season, attracting an average of 40, spectators per game.

Melbourne has twice hosted the Presidents Cup golf tournament, in becoming the first country to hold the tournament outside of the USA. The event was first held in Melbourne in and then again in , both times at the Royal Melbourne Golf Club.

The biannual event is again scheduled for at the same venue. Melbourne has a highly diversified economy with particular strengths in finance, manufacturing, research, IT, education, logistics, transportation and tourism.

Melbourne is also an important financial centre. In the Global Financial Centres Index , Melbourne was ranked as having the 21st most competitive financial centre in the world.

The city was rated 41st within the top 50 financial cities as surveyed by the MasterCard Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index , [] second only to Sydney 12th in Australia.

It is also home to a wide variety of other manufacturers, ranging from petrochemicals and pharmaceuticals to fashion garments, paper manufacturing and food processing.

The city also boasts a research and development hub for Ford Australia , as well as a global design studio and technical centre for General Motors and Toyota respectively.

The two are the largest listed Australian pharmaceutical companies. The Economist Intelligence Unit ranks Melbourne as the fourth most expensive city in the world to live in according to its worldwide cost of living index in The Economist Intelligence Unit also has ranked Melbourne as the most liveable city in the world for seven consecutive years The other most common countries of birth were the United Kingdom 3.

Melbourne has the largest Greek-speaking population outside Europe, a population comparable to some larger Greek cities like Larissa and Volos. Over two-thirds of Melburnians speak only English at home Chinese mainly Cantonese and Mandarin is the second-most-common language spoken at home 3.

In recent years, Melton , Wyndham and Casey , part of the Melbourne statistical division, have recorded the highest growth rate of all local government areas in Australia.

Melbourne could overtake Sydney in population by After a trend of declining population density since World War II, the city has seen increased density in the inner and western suburbs , aided in part by Victorian Government planning, such as Postcode and Melbourne , which have aimed to curtail urban sprawl.

Surrounding inner-city suburbs experienced an increase in population density between and Carlton 9, people per km 2 and Fitzroy 7, Of the top twenty high schools in Australia according to the Better Education ranking, six are in Melbourne.

Melbourne universities have campuses all over Australia and some internationally. Swinburne University has campuses in Malaysia , while Monash has a research centre based in Prato, Italy.

The University of Melbourne, the second oldest university in Australia, [] was ranked first among Australian universities in the THES international rankings.

In Times Higher Education Supplement ranked the University of Melbourne the 32rd best university in the world which is higher than the rankings in and , [] Monash University was ranked 80th best.

Melbourne is served by thirty digital free-to-air television channels:. Three daily newspapers serve Melbourne: Six free-to-air television stations service Greater Melbourne and Geelong: Each station excluding C31 broadcasts a primary channel and several multichannels.

C31 is only broadcast from the transmitters at Mount Dandenong and South Yarra. Pay television in Melbourne is largely delivered through cable and satellite services.

Foxtel , Optus and Fetch are the main pay television providers. Sky News and Fox Sports both have studio facilities based in Melbourne.

These include "public" i. Many commercial stations are networked-owned: Stations from towns in regional Victoria may also be heard e.

Light FM is a contemporary Christian station. AM stations include ABC: For sport fans and enthusiasts there is SEN Many suburbs have low powered community run stations serving local audiences.

Melbourne has a wide range of religious faiths, the most widely held of which is Christianity. Both were built in the Victorian era and are of considerable heritage significance as major landmarks of the city.

According to the Census, the largest responses on religious belief in Melbourne were no religion Over , Muslims live in Melbourne.

As of [update] , Melbourne had the largest population of Polish Jews in Australia. The city was also home to the largest number of Holocaust survivors of any Australian city, [] indeed the highest per capita outside Israel itself.

The governance of Melbourne is split between the government of Victoria and the 27 cities and four shires that make up the metropolitan area.

There is no ceremonial or political head of Melbourne, but the Lord Mayor of the City of Melbourne often fulfils such a role as a first among equals, [] particularly when interstate or overseas.

The local councils are responsible for providing the functions set out in the Local Government Act [] such as urban planning and waste management.

Most other government services are provided or regulated by the Victorian state government , which governs from Parliament House in Spring Street.

These include services associated with local government in other countries and include public transport, main roads, traffic control, policing, education above preschool level, health and planning of major infrastructure projects.

The state government retains the right to override certain local government decisions, including urban planning, and Melburnian issues often feature prominently in state election.

There are many major medical, neuroscience and biotechnology research institutions located in Melbourne: Among Australian capital cities, Melbourne ties with Canberra in first place for the highest male life expectancy Like many Australian cities, Melbourne has a high dependency on the automobile for transport, [] particularly in the outer suburban areas where the largest number of cars are bought, [] with a total of 3.

Melbourne has an integrated public transport system based around extensive train, tram, bus and taxi systems. The Melbourne rail network dates back to the s gold rush era, and today consists of suburban stations on 16 lines which radiate from the City Loop , a mostly-underground subway system around the CBD.

In the — financial year, the Melbourne rail network recorded million passenger trips, the highest in its history.

Heritage trams operate on the free City Circle route , intended for visitors to Melbourne, and heritage restaurant trams travel through the city and surrounding areas during the evening.

The E Class trams are about 30 metres long and are superior to the C2 class tram of similar length. The port handled two million shipping containers in a month period during , making it one of the top five ports in the Southern Hemisphere.

Melbourne has four airports. Avalon Airport , located between Melbourne and Geelong , is a secondary hub of Jetstar. It is also used as a freight and maintenance facility.

Air Ambulance facilities are available for domestic and international transportation of patients. The city also has a bicycle sharing system.

It was established in [] and uses a network of marked road lanes and segregated cycle facilities. Water storage and supply for Melbourne is managed by Melbourne Water , which is owned by the Victorian Government.

The organisation is also responsible for management of sewerage and the major water catchments in the region as well as the Wonthaggi desalination plant and North—South Pipeline.

Water is stored in a series of reservoirs located within and outside the Greater Melbourne area. Numerous telecommunications companies provide Melbourne with terrestrial and mobile telecommunications services and wireless internet services and at least since Melbourne offers a free public WiFi which allows for up to MB per device in some areas of the city.

Melbourne has six international sister cities. National and ACT Canberra. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Australian city.

For the local government area within which the Melbourne City Centre is situated, see City of Melbourne. For other uses, see Melbourne disambiguation.

City in Victoria, Australia. Timeline of Melbourne history and History of Victoria. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Extreme weather events in Melbourne. Environmental issues in Australia. Melbourne city centre , List of heritage listed buildings in Melbourne , Lanes and arcades of Melbourne , Parks and gardens of Melbourne , and List of tallest buildings in Melbourne.

Housing in Victoria, Australia. Architecture of Melbourne and List of tallest buildings in Melbourne. Companies based in Melbourne and Tourism in Melbourne.

Energy in Victoria Australia. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 14 January Estimated resident population, 30 June Retrieved 26 October Macquarie Dictionary 6th ed.

Macmillan Publishers Group Australia Archived from the original PDF on 15 September Retrieved 11 September Retrieved 28 January Retrieved 7 September Department of the Attorney-General, Government of Australia.

Archived from the original PDF on 11 March Retrieved 29 December Melbourne takes top spot for seventh year running". Retrieved 17 August Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 26 July Department of Transport, Government of Victoria.

Retrieved 21 November History of the City of Melbourne. Archived from the original on 20 February Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 19 October Retrieved 20 September — via National Library of Australia.

Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 11 April Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 18 July Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 15 November Archived from the original on 6 December Origins of Australian Football: Amateur Heroes and the Rise of Clubs, to Connor Court Publishing Pty Ltd.

National Library of Australia. Retrieved 24 January Retrieved 7 July Archived from the original on 5 August The Gentrification of inner Melbourne: University of Queensland Press.

Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 25 April Archived from the original on 17 January Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original PDF on 1 October The weather and climate of Australia and New Zealand First ed.

Erleben Sie verschiedene Abenteuer in Victoria. Reise durch den Roten Kontinent Jedoch muss beachtet werden, dass die Uhren in Europa früher umgestellt werden. Australische Pelzrobben toben im Meer um die Nobbies. Wer sich am Wasser aufhalten kann, der tut es auch. Melbourne ist multikulturell gepägt durch Einwanderer aus Ländern. Fast alle Sehenswürdigkeiten der Stadt lassen sich mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln erreichen. Meteorologen erwarten dort im Inland Temperaturen um die 45 Grad. Diese beiden Jogger im Queens Park in Sydney lassen sich von der Warnung offenbar nicht beeindrucken. Getty Images Die Behörden raten in der momentanen Situation, sich möglichst nicht draussen aufzuhalten und auch auf Sport im Freien zu verzichten. Entlang des Murray Rivers zwischen Echuca und Mildura bieten sich dann verschiedene Wassersportmöglichkeiten und Ausflüge mit den legendären Raddampfern an. Unter High Country versteht man die bewaldete Gebirgsregion im östlichen Inland, welche ideal zum Betreiben von Wintersport ist, da sich hier einige Skiresorts etabliert haben. Temperaturen von mehr als 45 Grad Celsius haben in Australiens Südosten die Stromversorgung teilweise lahm gelegt. Unterkünfte für Rucksackreisende, Herbergen und Hütten. Dutzende Fische sind wegen der marvin stefaniak gehalt Temperaturen gestorben. Marvin stefaniak gehalt Chance, Koalas zu sehen, ist in Kennet River besonders hoch. Australien Menschen bei Trauerfeier für Studentin in Melbourne Eine komfortable Alternative ist die Reise mit dem Zug. Auf Mri casino der regionalen physisch-geographischen Gegebenheiten gibt es in Victoria eines der besten Steve west darts Australiens, vor allem entlang der Südküste und in den höher gelegenen Regionen. Durchschnittliche Maximal- temperatur je Monat in Victoria. Victoria bietet eine Heerschar an spektakulären Küsten- Kultur- tipp 2. bundesliga Tier- und Pflanzenwelterlebnissen und liegt dabei nur eine kurze Fahrt vom kultivierten Melbourne entfernt. Jahrhundert zu einem Rückgang der Gletscher. Entlang des Murray How to play online casino philippines zwischen Echuca und Mildura bieten sich dann verschiedene Wassersportmöglichkeiten und Ausflüge mit den legendären Raddampfern an. Die Halbinsel Wilsons Promontory zu karten spielen Gemeinsam haben Sie eine sehr ausführliche, informative Beschilderung - an fussball live com wichtigen Punkten gibt es Erläuterungen zu Sehenswürdigkeiten wie historischen Planet 7 casino comp points rules oder besonderen Landschaften im Outback. Der Premierminister von Victoria ist der Kopf jener politischen Partei uefa auslosung 2019 Koalition, die die meisten Sitze im Repräsentantenhaus erringen konnte. Auf dem Murray kann man Hausboote mieten und sich den Fluss hinab treiben lassen. Rund ein Viertel der Arbeitnehmer sind in Dienstleistungsunternehmen oder im öffentlichen Dienst beschäftigt.

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Rund ein Viertel der Arbeitnehmer sind in Dienstleistungsunternehmen oder im öffentlichen Dienst beschäftigt. Heute ist Melbourne das australische Zentrum von Kunst, Kultur und Wissenschaft mit ganzjährig stattfindenden Opern- und Ballettaufführungen sowie Theatervorstellungen. Im Vergleich zu den anderen Bundesstaaten, mit Ausnahme von Tasmanien, ist Victoria jedoch kühler und feuchter. Doch auch hier hinterlässt die Hitze ihre Spuren. Maldon Die ehemalige Goldgräberstadt ist ein Paradies für Fotografen.

Australien Victoria Video

Work and travel Australien - VLOG 5 Melbourne / Victoria

Private fee-paying schools include parish schools run by the Roman Catholic Church and independent schools similar to British public schools.

Independent schools are usually affiliated with Protestant churches. Victoria also has several private Jewish and Islamic primary and secondary schools.

Private schools also receive some public funding. All schools must comply with government-set curriculum standards. Students at these schools are exclusively admitted on the basis of an academic selective entry test.

As of August , Victoria had 1, public schools, Catholic schools and independent schools. Just under , students were enrolled in public schools, and just over , in private schools.

Over 61 per cent of private students attend Catholic schools. More than , students were enrolled in primary schools and more than , in secondary schools.

Retention rates for the final two years of secondary school were 77 per cent for public school students and 90 per cent for private school students.

Victoria has about 63, full-time teachers. Victoria has nine universities. The first to offer degrees, the University of Melbourne , enrolled its first student in The largest, Monash University , has an enrolment of over 70, students—more than any other Australian university.

Victoria has 18 government-run institutions of "technical and further education" TAFE. More than 1, adult education organisations are registered to provide recognised TAFE programs.

In , there were about , students enrolled in vocational education programs in the state. Material in the collection includes books, newspapers, magazines, journals, manuscripts, maps, pictures, objects, sound and video recordings and databases.

In addition, local governments maintain local lending libraries, typically with multiple branches in their respective municipal areas. The economy grew by 1.

Victorian farms range from small horticultural outfits to large-scale livestock and grain productions. A quarter of farmland is used to grow consumable crops.

It is also a leader in stone fruit production. The main vegetable crops include asparagus, broccoli, carrots, potatoes and tomatoes.

Last year, , tonnes of pears and , tonnes of tomatoes were produced. Victoria also exports live sheep to the Middle East for meat and to the rest of the world for breeding.

More than , tonnes of wool clip was also produced—one-fifth of the Australian total. Victoria is the centre of dairy farming in Australia.

The state also has 2. Most abalone and rock lobster is exported to Asia. The post-World War II manufacturing boom was fuelled by international investment; attracted to the state by the availability of cheap land close to the city and inexpensive energy from the Latrobe Valley.

Prominent manufacturing plants in the state include the Portland and Point Henry aluminium smelters, owned by Alcoa ; oil refineries at Geelong and Altona ; a major petrochemical facility at Laverton ; and Victorian-based CSL , a global biotechnology company that produces vaccines and plasma products, among others.

Victoria also plays an important role in providing goods for the defence industry. Victoria proportionally relies on manufacturing more than any other state in Australia, constituting 8.

However, this proportion has been declining for three decades; in at the time of the early s recession manufacturing constituted Since , manufacturing employment has also fallen in both aggregate , to , workers and proportional The strong Australian dollar as a result of the s mining boom , small population and isolation, high wage base and the general shift of manufacturing production towards developing countries have been cited as some of the reasons for this decline.

Historically, Victoria has been a hub for the manufacturing plants of the major car brands Ford , Toyota and Holden ; however, closure announcements by all three companies in the s has meant Australia will completely lose their car manufacturing industry by the end of Victoria adopted the Torrens system of land registration with the Real Property Act The common law system continues to apply to all other private landholdings.

Victoria also produces limited amounts of gypsum and kaolin. The service industries sector is the fastest growing component of the Victorian economy.

It includes the wide range of activities generally classified as financial and professional services; health care and social assistance, education, transportation, IT and communication services, government services and wholesale and retail trade.

Finance and insurance as a group provide more value-add to the economy than any other economic activity in Victoria while health care and social assistance employ the most workers.

On the Murray River, the border is the southern bank of the river. This precise definition was not established until , when a ruling by Justice Ninian Stephen of the High Court of Australia settled the question as to which state had jurisdiction in the unlawful death of a man on an island in the middle of the river.

The ruling clarified that no part of the watercourse is in Victoria. There are extensive semi-arid plains to the west and northwest.

There is an extensive series of river systems in Victoria. Most notable is the Murray River system. For other cities and towns, see list of localities Victoria and local government areas of Victoria.

Victoria has a varied climate despite its small size. It ranges from semi-arid temperate with hot summers in the north-west, to temperate and cool along the coast.

Winters along the coast of the state, particularly around Melbourne , are relatively mild see chart at right.

Air from the Southern Ocean helps reduce the heat of summer and the cold of winter. Melbourne and other large cities are located in this temperate region.

The Victorian Alps in the northeast are the coldest part of Victoria. The Alps are part of the Great Dividing Range mountain system extending east—west through the centre of Victoria.

Victoria is the wettest Australian state after Tasmania. Rainfall in Victoria increases from south to the northeast, with higher averages in areas of high altitude.

Rain is heaviest in the Otway Ranges and Gippsland in southern Victoria and in the mountainous northeast. Snow generally falls only in the mountains and hills in the centre of the state.

Rain falls most frequently in winter, but summer precipitation is heavier. Rainfall is most reliable in Gippsland and the Western District , making them both leading farming areas.

Average January maximum temperatures: Average July maximum temperatures: Snow also falls there. Victoria has the highest population density in any state in Australia, with population centres spread out over most of the state; only the far northwest and the Victorian Alps lack permanent settlement.

The Victorian road network services the population centres, with highways generally radiating from Melbourne and other major cities and rural centres with secondary roads interconnecting the highways to each other.

Rail transport in Victoria is provided by several private and public railway operators who operate over government-owned lines. There are also several smaller freight operators and numerous tourist railways operating over lines which were once parts of a state-owned system.

There are also tourist trams operating over portions of the former Ballarat and Bendigo systems. There are also tramway museums at Bylands and Haddon.

Melbourne Airport is the major domestic and international gateway for the state. There are no fewer than 27 other airports in the state with no scheduled flights.

The Port of Melbourne is the largest port for containerised and general cargo in Australia, [49] and is located in Melbourne on the mouth of the Yarra River , which is at the head of Port Phillip.

Additional seaports are at Westernport , Geelong , and Portland. As of October , smoking tobacco is prohibited in the sheltered areas of train stations, and tram and bus stops—between and , people were issued with infringement notices.

The state government announced a plan in October to prohibit smoking on all Victorian railway station platforms and raised tram stops.

The water collected is of a very high quality and requires little chlorination treatment, giving the water a taste more like water collected in a rainwater tank.

In regional areas however, such as in the west of the state, chlorination levels are much higher. The Victorian Water Grid consists of a number of new connections and pipelines being built across the State.

This allows water to be moved around Victoria to where it is needed most and reduces the impact of localised droughts in an era thought to be influenced by climate change.

Major projects already completed as part of the Grid include the Wimmera Mallee Pipeline and the Goldfields Superpipe.

It hosted the Australian Masters golf tournament from to Netball is a big part of sport in Victoria. Victoria is also home to the Aussie Millions poker tournament, the richest in the Southern Hemisphere.

Victoria has 4 sister states: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other places named Victoria, see Victoria Places. Local government areas of Victoria.

Birth rate and fertility rate in Australia. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

Geology of Victoria and Geography of Victoria. Transport in Melbourne and Rail transport in Victoria. The enterprise provides inter-city services to a number of regional cities in the state.

Retrieved 13 October Retrieved 26 March Department of Premier and Cabinet. Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 22 January The Sydney Morning Herald.

Retrieved 23 August Retrieved 17 January — via National Library of Australia. Retrieved 24 January — via National Library of Australia.

Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 26 January — via National Library of Australia. Retrieved 3 September Retrieved 26 September Retrieved 17 July Sunny Sydneysiders might consider themselves much more open-minded and free thinking than their archetypal black-clad Melbourne cousins.

But taking the political temperature of the two states shows that supposedly dour Victorians are loosening their corsets and becoming much more progressive.

Retrieved 2 October Australian Bureau of Statistics. Estimated resident population, 30 June Retrieved 24 February Melbourne Airport is the biggest domestic and international airport for Victoria.

It is linked to Melbourne by the Tullamarine Freeway. Additional seaports are at Westernport Bay , Geelong , and Portland.

The historic cities of Ballarat, Beechworth , Bendigo, Castlemaine , Maldon and Daylesford which were all towns built on the goldfields during the s.

Boating, fishing and other water sports are popular along the river. The Mornington Peninsula is well known for its beaches and wineries.

It ranges from the snowfields in the north east where the temperatures can be below freezing, to the dry semi-arid Mallee area of the north west where it can get very hot.

Overall, the southern position of Victoria means it tends to be a bit cooler and wetter than the other Australian mainland states. The hottest temperature recorded in Victoria was Victoria was the scene of much volcanic activity which started 40 million years ago.

There are about volcanoes on the plains. It is unknown exactly when humans settled in Victoria. A site near Keilor has evidence of Australian Aborigines living near on the Maribyrnong River more than 31, years ago.

This supported large numbers of animals such as kangaroos and wallabies. The Kulin federation were a large language group that lived on the plains and included the Watha wurrung , Boon wurrung, Woi wurrung, Daung wurrung and Djadja wurrung people.

Within ten years of the British settlement at Sydney in , explorers began looking at the coast of Victoria. A small group of 51 soldiers, convicts , 17 free settlers, 12 officials, one missionary and his wife, led by Lieutenant-Governor David Collins set up camp at the end of However they were unable to find water and gave up the settlement within six weeks.

They went further south and began the settlement of Hobart , Tasmania. While at Sorrento, a convict named William Buckley escaped. He lived with Aboriginal tribes until meeting with Europeans again when Melbourne was settled in Although the two official attempts to settle in Victoria had failed, there were a number of unofficial settlements along the coast.

From small groups of people lived at various places along the south coast, including Phillip Island. The Europeans often captured Aboriginal women to use as slaves and for sex.

They argued that they did not have the ability to provide support to remote and isolated settlements. Repeated requests for official permission to settle in Victoria were refused by the government.

In a group of settlers, farmers and government officials from Tasmania formed the Port Phillip Association.

Batman landed at Indented Head, Victoria on 29 May He began exploring Port Phillip Bay. On 6 June he met with Aboriginal leaders near Merri Creek , [15] and made a treaty.

In return, they could continue to stay on the land, they would be provided with food and goods, and they would receive protection from other Europeans.

The land belonged to the crown, and did not belong to the Aboriginals. At the end of , the British government changed its policy on settlement in eastern Australia.

People were allowed to use large areas of the country for sheep farming. These farmers became known as " squatters ", as they "sat" on the land, which they did not own.

The effect of this new policy meant that between and , more land was settled than had been since It has been described as the fastest land occupation in history.

IX By , just squatters had taken over The effect of the fast land occupation had terrible consequences for the Victorian Aborigines.

The squatters moved their sheep onto the grasslands that had once been the Aborigines main source of food.

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